Deny Website Access To Everyone But Yourself

Have your website online, but still working on it? Want to hide it from everyone but yourself? .htaccess allows you to do that quite easily, and all you need to do this is your IP address!

This Article has been updated! With the release of Apache version 2.5, the .htaccess code to block IP address has changed. If you are using an older version of Apache (2.4 or below), please refer to the manual.

The code

All you have to do is add this code into your .htaccess file and save it! Like all file changes, it can take some time before it updates everywhere, but you can speed up the process on your devices simply by clearing your browser’s cache. This code snippet will block everyone but yourself from accessing your website.

Block Everyone But Yourself From Your Website


ErrorDocument 403 http://www.yahoo.com/ Require ip 1.2.3.4

Replace “yahoo.com” with the website or URL that people should be directed to if they are not you. If you just want a browser error message to show, remove that first line. Next, replace “YOUR-IP” with your actual IP address. You can find your public IP address here.

Note: An .htaccess file located in a sub-directory overrides any duplicate rules from previous .htaccess files. For example, if you have a .htaccess file located in the root defining a 404 and 403 error page, and another .htaccess located in the “test” folder defining only a 404 error page, any files and folders in the “test” folder will use the 404 page defined in the "test" .htaccess file, and the 403 page defined in the root .htaccess file.

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Installation

Unsure of how to install this code? It's pretty simple. A .htaccess file is called “.htaccess”, with nothing before the dot. Try finding this on your FTP software. Many systems don’t allow filenames starting with a dot (So downloading a htaccess file can be difficult at times), so that also restricts how we can create a .htaccess file. It is possible to get around these restrictions though, so here are the steps!

  1. Open your text-editing program and code your .htaccess file
  2. Once you are finished, save it as “htaccess.txt” (We will fix its name later)
  3. Upload “htaccess.txt” to your webserver and rename it to “.htaccess” (Remember that the dot is important!)

If you are still confused, or it's not working for you, check out the more detailed instruction in our Finding, Creating, and Editing a .htaccess file article.

Conclusion

Hopefully you were successful in installing this snippet, if you need help, feel free to send us a message! Check out the rest of the htaccess snippets to see what other amazing things you can do!

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Article by Tinkerman